Chapter 11: Fire Protection
§§ 11-1 to 11-26. Reserved.
FIRE PROTECTION - GENERALLY
§ 11-27. Fire limits; district established.
§ 11-28. Definition.
§ 11-29. Limitations.
§ 11-30. Alterations.
§ 11-31. Moving buildings.
§ 11-32. Location.
§ 11-33. Exceptions.
§ 11-34. Fireproof roofing.
§ 11-35. Enforcement.
§ 11-36. Penalties.
§ 11-37. Permit required.
§ 11-38. Inspection of construction.
§§ 11-39 to 11-43. Reserved.
CONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPMENT
OF BUILDINGS IN GENERAL
§ 11-44. Masonry walls, and fire retardant roof coverings required within fire limits.
§ 11-45. Height and area limitations.
§ 11-46. Means of exit.
§ 11-47. Masonry walls.
§ 11-48. Protection of wall openings.
§ 11-49. Fire-stopping.
§ 11-50. Workmanship and safety of design.
§§ 11-51 to 11-55. Reserved.
CHIMNEYS, FLUES AND HEATING APPLIANCES
§ 11-56. Applicable to new or rebuilt chimneys.
§ 11-57. Chimneys and flues.
§ 11-58. Special type flues.
§ 11-59. Fireplaces.
§ 11-60. Clearances from chimneys, flues and fireplaces.
§ 11-61. Floor protection under heating appliances.
§ 11-62. Clearances from heating appliances and their smokepipes.
§ 11-63. Smokepipes.
§§ 11-64 to 11-68. Reserved.
§ 11-69. Electrical installations.
§§ 11-70 to 11-74. Reserved.
§ 11-75. Garage defined.
§ 11-76. Permit required.
§ 11-77. Special structural requirements.
§ 11-78. Handling of gasoline.
§ 11-79. Repairs.
§§ 11-80 to 11-84. Reserved.
GAS APPLIANCES AND PIPING
§ 11-85. Outside valve required.
§ 11-86. Rigid metal gas connections.
§ 11-87. Vents required.
§§ 11-88 to 11-92. Reserved.
§ 11-93. Definition.
§ 11-94. Classification.
§ 11-95. Permit required.
§ 11-96. Containers for flammable liquids.
§ 11-97. Filling and withdrawal, vents, reliefs and gauges.
§ 11-98. Location of aboveground and buried tanks.
§ 11-99. Bulk storage and distribution.
§ 11-100. Safeguards for handling and dispensing.
§ 11-101. Storage and use of Class I and Class II liquids in special occupancies.
§ 11-102. Storage of barrels, drums and similar small containers outside of building.
§ 11-103. Fire extinguishers required.
§§ 11-104 to 11-108. Reserved.
DRY CLEANING AND DYEING ESTABLISHMENTS
§ 11-109. Dry cleaning defined.
§ 11-110. Permit required.
§ 11-111. Classification of dry cleaning plants.
§ 11-112. New Class I plants - Prohibited.
§ 11-113. Construction and location of Class II plants.
§ 11-114. Construction and location of Class III plants.
§ 11-115. Construction and location of Class IV plants.
§ 11-116. Location of boilers.
§ 11-117. Ventilation.
§ 11-118. Solvent storage.
§ 11-119. Fire extinguishers and extinguishing systems.
§ 11-120. Handling of solvents.
§ 11-121. Grounding of equipment.
§ 11-122. Electrical equipment.
§§ 11-123 to 11-127. Reserved.
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES
§ 11-128. Definition.
§ 11-129. Permit required.
§ 11-130. Odorization.
§ 11-131. Handling and bulk storage.
§ 11-132. Approved systems.
§ 11-133. Approved appliances.
§ 11-134. Use of gases for which system was not designed.
§ 11-135. Containers and first stage regulators.
§ 11-136. Location of containers.
§ 11-137. Buried containers.
§ 11-138. Aboveground containers.
§ 11-139. Combustible materials near container.
§ 11-140. Grounding and bonding.
§ 11-141. Filling connections.
§ 11-142. Transfer of liquids.
§ 11-143. Electrical equipment and open flames.
§ 11-144. Discharge from safety relief devices.
§ 11-145. Piping and fittings and valves.
§ 11-146. Standards for transportation and storage and for installation of devices and equipment.
§§ 11-147 to 11-151. Reserved.
NITROCELLULOSE MOTION PICTURE FILM
§ 11-152. Application and permit.
§ 11-153. Booth required.
§ 11-154. Construction of booth.
§ 11-155. Shuttered openings and exits in booth.
§ 11-156. Fixtures within booth.
§ 11-157. Booth ventilation.
§ 11-158. Film cabinets.
§§ 11-159 to 11-163. Reserved.
§ 11-164. Application and permit.
§ 11-165. Transportation.
§ 11-166. Storage.
§§ 11-167 to 11-171. Reserved.
PERIOD INSPECTIONS AND MISCELLANEOUS
PROVISIONS FOR FIRE PREVENTION
§ 11-172. Periodic inspections.
§ 11-173. Fire hazards to be remedied.
§ 11-174. Bonfires.
§ 11-175. Hot ashes and other dangerous materials.
§ 11-176. Accumulations of combustible materials.
§ 11-177. Flammable decorations.
§§ 11-178 to 11-182. Reserved.
VIOLATIONS, CONFLICTING ORDINANCES
AND DATE OF EFFECT
§ 11-183. Penalty for violation.
§ 11-184. Validity.
§ 11-185. Conflicting ordinance.
§ 11-186. Date of effect.
§§ 11-187 to 11-191. Reserved.
HAZAROUD SUBSTANCE RELEASE
§ 11-192. Cost tracking and billing system.
§§ 11-193 to 11-197. Reserved.
Secs. 11-1 to 11-26. Reserved.
Sec. 11-27. Fire limits; district established.
The fire limits of the City of St. James, Missouri are hereby established as follows:
Beginning at a point adjacent to the south right of way of the Interstate Highway number 44 at the juncture of the beginning of the exit of the eastbound ramp progressing southeasterly along a line paralleling the center line of Meramec St. to its junction with an alleyway midway between Opal St. and James Blvd.; thence westerly along the centerline of said alleyway to its junction with Bourbeuse St.; thence southeasterly along the centerline of Bourbeuse St. to its junction with James Blvd.; thence westerly along the centerline of James Blvd. to its junction with Carson St.; thence along the centerline of Carson St. to its junction with Springfield St.; thence easterly along the centerline of Springfield St. to its junction with Jackson St.; thence southeasterly along the centerline of Jackson St. to its junction with Johnson St.; thence northeasterly along the centerline of Johnson St. to its junction with Jefferson St.; thence southerly along the centerline of Jefferson St. to the junction of Dillon St.; thence easterly along the centerline of Dillon St. to its terminus in a cul-de-sac; thence northerly to a point parallel to the northeastern boundary of the elementary school; thence northwesterly along a line to the junction of Seymour St. and Scioto St.; thence along the centerline of Seymour St. to its junction with Hardy St.; thence northeasterly along the centerline of Hardy St. to its junction with Emory St.; thence northwesterly along the centerline of Emory St. to its junction with Front St.; thence southwesterly along the rear property line adjacent to Front St. to its junction with Seymour St.; thence northwesterly along the centerline of Seymour St. to its junction with Home Dr.; thence southwesterly along the centerline of Home Dr. to its junction with Jefferson St.; thence northwesterly along the centerline of Jefferson St. to its junction with the eastbound exit ramp of Interstate Highway number 44; thence to the point of beginning. (Ord. 424B, §8-1.)
Sec. 11-28. Definition.
"Frame Construction," as applied to buildings, means that in which exterior or partywalls are wholly or partly of wood. (Ord. 424B, §8.2)
Sec. 11-29. Limitations.
Except as hereinafter provided in this Ordinance, no building or structure of frame construction shall be erected hereafter within the fire limits. (Ord. 424B, §8.3)
Sec. 11-30. Alterations.
(a) Within the fire limits no building or structure of frame construction shall be hereafter increased in height.
(b) Within the fire limits no other building or structure shall be hereafter extended on any side by frame construction.
(c) Nothing in this Ordinance shall prohibit other alterations of existing buildings within the fire limits. (Ord. 424B, §8.4)
Sec. 11-31. Moving buildings.
No building of frame construction shall hereafter be moved from without to within the fire limits. (Ord. 424B, §8.5)
Sec. 11-32. Location.
A building or structure shall be deemed to be within the fire limits if more than one-third of the area of such building or structure is located therein. (Ord. 424B, §8.6)
Sec. 11-33. Exceptions.
Nothing in this section shall prohibit within the fire limits and subject to the specified limitations, the erection of new buildings or structure, nor the extension or enlargement of existing buildings or structures, of frame construction, as follows:
(a) A building of frame construction occupied exclusively as a private garage, not more than one story in height nor more than seven hundred and fifty square feet in area, located on the same lot with a dwelling.
(b) Outhouses not more than eight feet in height nor more than one hundred square feet in area.
(c) Greenhouses not more than fifteen feet in height erected on the same lot with an accessory to a dwelling or a store.
(d) Sheds open on the long side, not more than fifteen feet in height nor more than five hundred square feet in area.
(e) Contractors' job site temporary office not more than one story in height, for use only in connection with a duly authorized building operation and located on the same lot with such building operation, on a lot immediately adjoining, in or on a building under construction, or on a sidewalk or street adjoining the building site.
(f) Frame dwellings not exceeding two stories in height and separated by at least seven and a half feet from lot line of adjoining property. (Ord. 424B, §8.7)
Sec. 11-34. Fireproof roofing.
(a) Every roof hereafter constructed within the fire limits, including those buildings listed in section 11-33 of this code, shall be covered with a roofing having a fire-resistive rating equivalent to Class "B" or better of the Underwriters Laboratories classification.
(b) No roofing on an existing roof shall be renewed or repaired to a greater extent than one-tenth of the roof surface, except in conformity with the requirements of the foregoing subsection (a) of this section. (Ord. 424B, §8.8)
Sec. 11-35. Enforcement.
The building inspector is hereby authorized and it shall be his duty to enforce the provisions of this Ordinance. (Ord. 424B, §8.8)
Sec. 11-36. Penalties.
The owner or agent of a building or premises in or upon which a violation has been committed or shall exist; or the lessee or tenant of an entire building or entire premises in or upon which a violation has been committed or shall exist, or the agent, architect, building contractor or any person, firm or corporation who commits, takes part or assists in any violation or who maintains any building or premises in or upon which such violation shall exist, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than one ($1.00) dollar and not more than five hundred ($500.00) dollars for each and every day that such violation shall continue, or by imprisonment in the county jail for ten days for each day that such violation shall continue, or by both such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the municipal court of the City of St. James. (Ord. 424B, §8.9)
Sec. 11-37. Permit required.
Except as hereinafter exempted in this section, no wall, structure, building or part thereof shall hereafter be built, enlarged, or altered within the corporate limits until a plan of the proposed work together with a statement of the materials to be used shall have been submitted in writing in duplicate to the city building inspector, who shall, if in accordance with the provisions herein contained, issue a permit for the proposed construction. The permit herein required shall be made in duplicate and in such form as may be adopted by a resolution of the city council and one copy thereof shall be kept on file in the office of the city clerk.
Ordinary repairs and minor alterations not involving any change in major structural parts such as walls, beams, girders, chimneys and flues; or erection of detached outbuildings outside the fire limits (such as sheds, chicken houses, and one-car private garages); or minor changes or repairs in electrical wiring or equipment, shall not require the issuance of a permit.
No building shall be moved until a permit has been obtained from the building inspector and such official shall not issue such permit if in his judgment the proposed new location would seriously increase the fire hazards of the surrounding buildings.
When any wall, structure, building, or part thereof shall be constructed within the corporate limits without a permit or contrary to the provisions of this ordinance, it shall be taken or torn down or removed, and the expense incident thereto shall be recovered of the owner of said property by a suit in a court of competent jurisdiction. (Ord. 424B, §8.10)
Sec. 11-38. Inspection of construction.
The building inspector shall inspect all buildings or structures during construction to see that the provisions of this Ordinance are complied with. Whenever in his opinion, by reason of defective or illegal work in violation of a provision of this Ordinance, the continuance of a building operation is contrary to public welfare, he may order all further work to be stopped and may require suspension of work until condition in violation has been remedied. (Ord. 424B, §8.11)
Secs. 11-39 to 11-43. Reserved.
CONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPMENT
OF BUILDINGS IN GENERAL
Sec. 11-44. Masonry walls, and fire retardant roof coverings required within fire limits.
Every building hereafter erected or enlarged within the fire limits as set out in section 11-27 shall, except as provided for in section 11-33 be enclosed on all sides with walls constructed wholly of brick, stone, hollow tile, hollow or solid concrete block, concrete, or other equivalent incombustible materials; and shall have the roof, also top, and sides of all roof structures, including dormer windows, covered with incombustible or fire retardant materials. All cornices shall be of incombustible material.
Buildings with wooden framework clad with sheet metal or stucco or veneered with brick or its equivalent shall be classed as frame. (Ord. 424B, §8.12)
Sec. 11-45. Height and area limitations.
The floor area of buildings between fire walls shall not exceed the following:
Type of construction One story Exceedingone story
Ordinary construction 9000 square feet 6000 square feet
construction 9000 square feet 6000 square feet
Wood frame construction 6000 square feet 4000 square feet
If fronting on more than one street, the above areas may be increased twenty-five percent for each additional street.
For the purposes of this section, a "street" shall be deemed to include any avenue, boulevard, street, alley or lane, twenty feet or greater in width, or any court, parking space or yard with direct connection to a street and not less than twenty feet wide. Such court, parking space or yard shall be the property of the owner of the building and shall not be enclosed or roofed over.
Non-fire resistive buildings, fully equipped with approved automatic sprinklers, may be two hundred percent greater in area than the above.
Outside the fire limits, buildings of protected or unprotected noncombustible, construction may be unlimited in area, if not exceeding one story in height without basement, if the entire building is protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system, except areas permanently occupied exclusively by stocks of noncombustible material not packed or crated in combustible material, if a horizontal separation of at least eighty feet is provided on all sides of buildings and if buildings are provided with means of egress complying with the provisions of section 11-46 and so located that no part of the building shall be a greater distance, measured along the line of travel from an exit doorway, than two hundred twenty-five feet in assembly and business occupancies, one hundred fifty feet in educational, industrial, institutional, mercantile, residential and storage occupancies and one hundred twenty-five feet in high hazard occupancies.
Fire resistive buildings (reinforced concrete frame, floors and roofs, or the equivalent) shall not be limited as to area or height. No building shall exceed three stories or forty-five feet in height, unless of fire resistive construction. (Ord. 424B, §8.12)
Sec. 11-46. Means of exit.
Every room of any building exceeding 1,000 square feet in area or occupied by more than 100 persons shall have at least two exits. Every story of any building shall have at least one exit and every story that exceeds 2,500 square feet in area shall have at least two separate and independent exits. All doors in required exits shall swing in the direction of exit travel. The term exit and the required number of exits, their location, unobstructed width, illumination and indicating signs shall be in accordance with a nationally recognized standard and satisfactory to the building inspector of the city of St. James. (Ord. 424B, §8.13; Ord. 950)
Sec. 11-47. Masonry walls.
Those walls which are required by this Ordinance to be of masonry construction shall be continuous from foundation to the roof. The thickness of such walls shall be sufficient to carry safely all imposed loads and shall comply with minimum dimensions as specified in this section:
(a) Brick bearing walls- not common to more than one building, shall have a minimum thickness of 12" for one story buildings or for the upper two stories of buildings more than one story in height. This minimum thickness shall be increased 4" for each two stories or fraction thereof below the upper two stories. (For example, minimum thickness required for a seven-story wall would be 24, 20, 20, 16, 16, 12 and 12 inches.) Brick bearing walls, not common to more than one building, may be 8" in thickness under the following conditions:
(1) Walls of dwellings not over two stories in height, and
(2) Walls not over 15 feet in height, provided such walls are reinforced at intervals not exceeding 20 feet by cross walls, piers or buttresses.
(b) Brick non-bearing walls- not wholly supported by girders at each story, and not common to more than one building, shall conform to minimum thickness of sub-section (a) above except that walls 4" less in thickness may be permitted where 16" or greater thickness is specified in sub-section (a). (For example, minimum thicknesses required for a seven-story wall would be 20, 16, 16, 12, 12, 12 and 12 inches.)
(c) Brick non-bearing walls, wholly supported by girders at each story- may be 12" in thickness where common to more than one building or 8" in thickness where not common to more than one building.
(d) Brick walls which are common to more than one building- when not covered by sub-section (c) above shall conform to the minimum thickness of sub-section (a) except that no such wall shall be less than 16" in thickness.
(e) Natural stone walls- shall be 4" thicker than specified above for brick walls. Hewn or squared stone walls - shall conform to the thickness specified above for brick walls.
(f) Concrete or hollow tile walls- shall conform to the thickness specified above for brick walls except that no hollow block or hollow tile wall shall be used where common to more than one building unless faced on both sides with not less than 4" of brick properly bonded.
(g) Reinforced concrete walls- of monolithic construction shall be not less than 2/3 the thickness specified above for brick walls except that no such wall shall be less than 6" in thickness. Concrete walls not properly reinforced- shall conform to the thicknesses specified above for brick walls.
(h) Parapets - Parapets 8" or more in thickness shall be extended a minimum of 18" above the roof level on those walls which are required by this ordinance to be of masonry construction, except as specifically exempted below. All parapeted walls shall be suitably coped. Parapets shall not be required on:
(1) Walls terminating at roofs of fireproof or semi-fireproof construction.
(2) Walls facing blank walls of adjoining buildings when such blank walls rise 18" or more higher.
(3) Walls facing on a street having a width of fifty feet or more.
(4) Walls of a building which is fifty feet or more distant in all directions from other buildings.
(5) Walls of a detached dwelling or of a building not exceeding one thousand square feet in area.
(6) Walls of a building where the roof has an angle of more than twenty degrees with the horizontal.
(Ord. 424B, §8.14)
Sec. 11-48. Protection of wall openings.
For the purpose of preventing the spread of fire from building to building communicating openings in fire walls and certain openings in exterior walls required by this ordinance to be of masonry or equivalent construction shall be protected by approved fire doors, approved fire windows or other approved means satisfactory to building inspector.
Protection shall be required for conditions as follows:
(a) When communicating openings are located in fire walls separating buildings. In such cases communicating openings shall be protected by fire doors approved for the protection of openings in fire walls.
(b) When openings are located above the first story in an exterior wall facing on a street less than 50 feet measured from building line to building line.
(c) When openings in an exterior wall are less than 50 feet distant in a direct unobstructed line from an opening in another building. Protection shall not be required where openings in exterior walls face in the same direction.
(d) When openings in an exterior wall are above and are less than 50 feet distant from any part of a neighboring roof of a building of other than fire resistive construction (reinforced concrete frame, floors and roof or their equivalent). (Ord. 424B, §8.15)
Sec. 11-49. Fire-stopping.
Fire-stopping in all classes of buildings shall be arranged to cut off all concealed draft openings, such as at floors, ceilings, roofs and attic spaces, and shall form effectual fire barriers horizontally and vertically. In buildings of non-fire-resistive construction, wood two inches in thickness, nominal dimension, may be used; in other types of construction approved non-combustible material shall be used. (Ord. 424B, §8.16)
Sec. 11-50. Workmanship and safety of design.
All workmanship and building materials shall be of good quality and shall conform to specifications which the building inspector prescribes. The more generally standard specifications for quality of materials are those of the American Society for Testing Materials. All parts of every building shall be designed to safely carry loads to be imposed thereon and shall in all other respects conform to good engineering practices. (Ord. 424B, §8.17)
Secs. 11-51 to 11-55. Reserved.
CHIMNEYS, FLUES AND HEATING APPLIANCES
Sec. 11-56. Applicable to new or rebuilt chimneys.
All chimneys, flues or fireplaces hereafter built or rebuilt in any building, within the corporate limits, regardless of the type of fuel used, shall conform to the provisions of this ordinance. (Ord. 424B, §8.18)
Sec. 11-57. Chimneys and flues.
Chimneys shall be built of brick, of solid block masonry or of reinforced concrete, not less than three and three-quarters inches thick. Chimneys shall be lined throughout with fire clay flue lining or with fire brick, provided that chimneys for gas appliances only may be lined with any approved corrosion resistant lining. Chimneys shall be built on concrete or masonry foundations. Chimneys shall not rest upon or be carried by wooden floors, beams or brackets, nor be hung from wooden rafters. Iron brackets or stirrups attached to wooden construction shall not be used to support chimneys. Footings for exterior chimneys shall start below the frost line.
All chimneys shall be built as nearly vertical as possible and shall extend at least three feet above the highest point at which they come in contact with the roof of the building and at least two feet higher than any ridge within ten feet of such chimney or flue. (Ord. 424B, §8.19)
Sec. 11-58. Special type flues.
(a) For gas-fired appliances- Gas consuming devices which produce flue gas temperatures not in excess of 550oF at the outlet of the draft hood may be vented to special flues in lieu of the above when such special flues are of a type listed and approved by the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or a similarly recognized testing laboratory and satisfactory to the building inspector provided, however, that such special vents shall not be permitted for incinerators, for devices or appliances which may be readily converted to the use of solid or liquid fuel, nor on boilers or furnaces except with specific approval of the building inspector.
(b) For appliances fired with coal, oil, wood or gas- Domestic heating appliances fired with coal, oil, wood or gas may be vented to special prefabricated metal or metal and asbestos flues in lieu of the above when such special flues are of a type listed and approved for such use by the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or a similarly nationally recognized testing laboratory and the circumstances of such use are satisfactory to the building inspector. (Ord. 424B, §8.20; Ord. 950)
Sec. 11-59. Fireplaces.
The back and sides of fireplaces shall be of solid masonry of reinforced concrete, not less than eight inches in thickness. A lining of fire brick at least two inches thick or other approved material shall be used unless the overall thickness is twelve inches.
Fireplaces shall have hearths of brick, stone or other approved incombustible material supported on a fireproof slab or brick trimmer arches. Such hearths shall extend at least twenty inches outside of the chimney breast and not less than twelve inches beyond each side of the fireplace opening along the chimney breast. The combined thickness of hearth and supporting arch shall be not less than six inches at any point. Wooden forms or centers used in the construction of that part of the supporting construction which is below the hearth of the fireplace shall be removed when the supporting construction of the hearth is completed and before plastering on the underside. (Ord. 424B, §8.21)
Sec. 11-60. Clearances from chimneys, flues and fireplaces.
All wooden and other combustible construction shall be kept at least two inches from chimneys and flues and shall be kept at least four inches from the back of a fireplace. Such spaces shall be fire-stopped with noncombustible material. (Ord. 424B, §8.22)
Sec. 11-61. Floor protection under heating appliances.
Heating appliances shall not be mounted on floors of combustible construction unless they are either approved by the building inspector as suitably designed for such mounting or are set on approved bases of insulating value sufficient to prevent overheating of the combustible construction.
Ranges, stoves, heating furnaces and similar heating appliances without legs or with legs less than 4" high if on floors of combustible construction, shall have such floors protected by masonry at least 8" in thickness, topped with boiler iron and arranged in a manner that will provide air circulation throughout the masonry.
Similar heating appliances with legs which provide not less than 4" open space under the base of the appliance, if on floors of combustible construction, shall have such floors protected with incombustible material.
Protection shall be provided for at least that portion of the combustible floor which is under the heating appliance, and if the appliance uses solid fuel, suitable protection shall also be provided for a distance of not less than 18" at the front or side where ashes are removed. (Ord. 424B, § 823)
Sec. 11-62. Clearances from heating appliances and their smoke pipes.
Ranges, stoves, heating furnaces and all other heating appliances shall be installed to provide safe clearance to woodwork or other combustible material, whether plastered or not.
Ranges, stoves, heating furnaces, and similar heating appliances and smoke pipes from such devices shall have a clearance of at least 18" to walls, ceilings or partitions of combustible construction or to any other combustible material. Appliances of special types which have been tested and found safe for installation with lesser clearances may be installed with such clearances as the building inspector or fire chief shall approve. Where a durable form of non-combustible heat insulating protection is applied to the appliance or to the combustible material, installation may be made with lesser clearances as the building inspector may approve. (Ord. 424B, §8.24; Ord. 950)
Sec. 11-63. Smoke pipes.
Every smoke pipe shall connect with a chimney or other approved flue. No smoke pipe shall pass through any floor, ceiling, roof or wall of combustible construction except that metal smokestacks from industrial heating or process devices may be extended through roofs when metal ventilated jackets or collars conforming to recognized good practices and acceptable to the building inspector are provided.
Smoke pipes shall not pass through partitions of combustible construction unless they are guarded at the point of passage by metal ventilated jackets or collars not less than 12" larger in diameter than the smoke pipe or by equivalent protection satisfactory to the building inspector.
Secs. 11-64 to 11-68. Reserved.
Sec. 11-69. Electrical installations.
All electrical wiring, apparatus or appliances shall be installed in accordance with the National Electrical Code as approved by the National Fire Protection Association. (Ord. 424B, §8.26)
Secs. 11-70 to 11-74. Reserved.
Sec. 11-75. Garage defined.
For the purpose of this Ordinance the term "garage" shall include any building or part thereof in which more than three automobiles, trucks, tractors or similar self-propelled vehicles are stored, serviced or repaired. Detached structures auxiliary to dwelling or apartment buildings are specifically exempted from the provisions of this article. (Ord. 424B, §8.27)
Sec. 11-76. Permit required.
No person shall use any building or part thereof as a garage without a permit. (Ord. 424B, §8.28)
Sec. 11-77. Special structural requirements.
No garage shall hereafter be located in any frame building exceeding one story in height or exceeding 1200 square feet in area. No garage shall be located in any building containing other occupancies unless separated therefrom by not less than 4" reinforced concrete floors or 8" masonry partition walls with all connecting openings protected with approved self-closing fire doors. No garage shall be located in any building not having concrete or similar non-combustible floors. Floors which drain to sewers or storm drains shall be provided with an oil separator or trap. (Ord. 424B, §8.29)
Sec. 11-78. Handling of gasoline.
The fuel tanks of motor vehicles shall be filled directly through hose from pumps drawing from underground tanks installed as required in Article VII or from approved portable tanks. There shall be no facilities for gasoline handling or filling in any basement or sub-basement garage. No gasoline or other flammable liquid shall be allowed to run upon the floor or to pass into the drainage system of the premises. (Ord. 424B, §8.30)
Sec. 11-79. Repairs.
No repairs of any kind shall be made in any basement or sub-basement garage. (Ord. 424B, §8.31)
Secs. 11-80 to 11-84. Reserved.
GAS APPLIANCES AND PIPING
Sec. 11-85. Outside valve required.
An outside valve shall be installed on every gas service pipe regardless of size that supplies large stores or factories, or places of public assembly such as churches, theaters, motion picture theaters, schools and hospitals and on every service pipe 2-1/2" or larger in diameter. (Ord. 424B, §8.32)
Sec. 11-86. Rigid metal gas connections.
Gas connections to stoves, heaters and other appliances shall be made by metal pipe, or by approved metal tubing securely fastened in place, except that for devices which require a movable connection, approved flexible tubing may be used provided there is but one shut-off valve and provided further that such valve is located in the rigid pipe back of the point where the flexible tubing connects to the rigid pipe and in no case at the device. (Ord. 424B, §8.33)
Sec. 11-87. Vents required.
Any appliance which consumes large quantities of gas shall be connected to a safe and adequate flue as specified in Article III of this Ordinance. (Ord. 424B, §8.34)
Secs. 11-88 to 11-92. Reserved.
Sec. 11-93. Definition.
The term "flammable liquid" as used in this ordinance shall mean and include all liquids (other than liquefied petroleum gases as defined and regulated under Article IX of this ordinance) that have flash points below 200 degrees Fahrenheit as determined by a closed cup test in accordance with methods adopted by the American Society for Testing Materials and approved by the National Fire Protection Association. (Ord. 424B, §8.35)
Sec. 11-94. Classification.
For the purposes of this Division, flammable and combustible liquids are divided into classes, as follows:
Class I: Those liquids having a flash point below one hundred degrees Fahrenheit, further subdivided into:
Class I-A: Flash point below seventy-three degrees Fahrenheit and boiling point below one hundred degrees Fahrenheit;
Class I-B: Flash point below seventy-three degrees Fahrenheit and boiling point above one hundred degrees Fahrenheit; and
Class I-C: Flash point at or above seventy-three degrees Fahrenheit and below one hundred degrees Fahrenheit.
Class II: Those liquids having a flash point at or above one hundred degrees Fahrenheit and below one hundred forty degrees Fahrenheit.
Class III: Those liquids having a flash point at or above one hundred forty degrees Fahrenheit and below two hundred degrees Fahrenheit.
When heated to temperatures equal to or higher than their flash points, Class II and Class III liquids shall be subject to the applicable requirements of Class I and Class II liquids, respectively. (Ord. 424B, §8.36)
Sec. 11-95. Permit required.
No person, firm or corporation shall use, store or handle any flammable liquid in quantities in excess of that given in the following table unless a permit has been obtained from the building inspector.
Class I Class II & III
(1) Dwellings, apartments, tenements,
Or places of public assembly 1 gallon 25 gallons
(2) Inside of other buildings 6 gallons 60 gallons
The provisions of this Section shall not be construed to require a permit for the storage or use of flammable or combustible liquids in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle, aircraft, motorboat, mobile power plant or mobile heating plant, or for the storage or use of paints, oils, varnished or similar flammable or combustible mixtures when such liquids are stored for maintenance, painting or similar purposes for a period of not more than thirty days. The provision of this Section shall not be construed to require a permit for the storage of Class III liquids for heating or cooling the dwelling or building. (Ord. 424B, §8.37; Ord. 950)
Sec. 11-96. Containers for flammable liquids.
Aboveground storage (except in barrels or drums with individual capacity of 100 gallons or less as provided) shall be in all-steel gas tight tanks constructed in accordance with nationally-recognized standards. Aboveground tanks having individual capacity exceeding 50,000 gallons shall be surrounded by a dike with capacity within diked area at least equal to capacity of tank or tanks. Aboveground tanks for the storage of Class I flammable liquids shall be prohibited within the fire limits.
Buried tanks for the storage of flammable liquids shall have tops at least two feet below the surface of the ground and whenever located under driveways, buildings or otherwise subject to traffic of heavy vehicles shall be otherwise protected as required by the building inspector. Tanks shall be suitably protected against corrosion and, where subject to floating, shall be securely anchored or weighed.
Aboveground containers for Class III liquids located inside buildings shall not exceed 275 gallons individual capacity or 550 gallons aggregate capacity unless tank containing such liquid is installed within a masonry enclosure with space between tank and enclosure filled with sand or well tamped earth in a manner satisfactory to the building inspector.
Portable containers for Class I liquids shall be restricted to safety cans or portable tanks approved by Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or by similarly nationally recognized laboratories and satisfactory to the building inspector except as exempted below. Such approved portable containers are not required for:
(a) Quantities of one gallon or less.
(b) Shelf stock in unbroken original sealed containers having individual capacity of 5 gallons or less.
(c) Conditions governed by special occupancy requirements as provided under section 10-95 of this ordinance.
(Ord. 424B, §8.38)
Sec. 11-97. Filling and withdrawal, vents, reliefs and gauges.
Filling connections, vents, gauging devices or methods, emergency reliefs and methods of withdrawal of liquids shall be in accordance with nationally recognized good practices and satisfactory to the building inspector. (Ord. 424B, §8.39)
Sec. 11-98. Location of aboveground and buried tanks.
No aboveground storage outside of buildings of Class I and Class II liquids for which a permit is required shall be permitted within the fire limits and no underground storage of such liquids shall be within 10 feet of any basement unless the top of such storage tank is below the level of the basement floor. No aboveground storage shall be within 20 feet of any building.
Sec. 11-99. Bulk storage and distribution.
No facilities for the bulk storage of flammable liquids nor for the filling of storage tanks from tank cars nor for the filling of tank trucks from tank cars or storage tanks shall be located within the fire limits nor in closely built up sections nor within fifty (50) feet of any other property which is or may be built upon. Nor shall such facilities be located where because of topography or nearness to streams liquids from tanks could drain toward or be carried to locations which are or may be built upon unless such tanks are diked in a manner satisfactory to the building inspector. This section should not be construed to apply to facilities existing within the fire limits at the time of the adoption of this Ordinance. (Ord. 424B, §8.41)
Sec. 11-100. Safeguards for handling and dispensing.
The storage, use and handling of flammable liquids shall in general conform to nationally recognized good practices. Pumps and other devices for handling or dispensing flammable liquids shall be of a type approved by the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or similarly recognized laboratory satisfactory to the building inspector and electrical equipment in connection therewith shall conform with the provisions of the National Electrical Code. Piping systems shall conform with recognized good practices. Where the use of flammable liquids introduces the possibility of a flash fire or an explosion, ventilation sufficient to maintain the flammable vapor air mixture well below the lower limits of flammability shall be provided and electrical equipment shall comply with the provisions of the National Electrical Code for "Hazardous Locations." Smoking shall be prohibited in the vicinity of areas where flammable liquids are used, stored or dispensed and "No Smoking" signs shall be posted. (Ord. 424B, §8.42)
Sec. 11-101. Storage and use of Class I and Class II liquids in special occupancies.
In manufacturing and mercantile buildings, the building inspector may permit the storage of Class I or Class II liquids where the nature of the business requires such storage provided that such storage does not exceed 550 gallons aggregate capacity and provided further that such storage does not include more than one drum of the same liquid.
The building inspector may permit the above limits to be exceeded where a separate building is provided for such storage or for storage and mixing or where restricted to a separate fire-resistive room inside of a building with access to room provided with an approved automatic closing fire door.
Caps, plugs or bungs shall be replaced immediately after barrel or drum is emptied. (Ord. 424B, §8.43)
Sec. 11-102. Storage of barrels, drums and similar small containers outside of building.
Barrels, drums and similar containers for flammable liquids, whether filled or not, when stored outside of buildings, shall not exceed100 gallon individual capacity, shall not be piled upon each other nor be stored in a passageway nor beneath any window. Where aggregate capacity of containers exceeds 275 gallons, a clear space of 20 feet shall be maintained between such storage and all important buildings. Such storage shall be remote from open flames and lights and smoking shall be prohibited. (Ord. 424B, §8.44)
Sec. 11-103. Fire extinguishers required.
Where flammable liquids are kept, used or handled a quantity of loose non-combustible absorbents, such as dry sand or ashes, together with pails or scoops, and chemical extinguishers or other extinguishing devices or materials shall be provided in such quantities as may be directed by the building inspector. (Ord. 424B, §8.45; Ord. 950)
Secs. 11-104 to 11-108. Reserved.
DRY CLEANING AND DYEING ESTABLISHMENTS
Sec. 11-109. Dry cleaning defined.
For the purpose of this Ordinance, dry cleaning shall be considered the process of removing dirt, grease, paint or other stains from wearing apparel, textiles, fabrics, rugs, etc., by the use of non-aqueous liquid solvents. Dry dyeing shall be considered the process of dyeing clothes or other fabrics or textiles in a solution of dye colors and flammable liquids. (Ord. 424B, §8.46)
Sec. 11-110. Permit required.
No person, firm or corporation shall engage in the business of dry cleaning or dry dyeing unless he shall first obtain from the building inspector a permit setting forth the location, class of plant, flash point of solvent and type of equipment to be used. All provisions of this ordinance must be complied with and no change shall be made in class of solvent nor in equipment unless permission for such change shall first have been obtained from the building inspector. No solvent shall be used in any equipment other than class of solvent for which it was designed. (Ord. 424B, §8.47)
Sec. 11-111. Classification of dry cleaning plants.
For the purpose of this Ordinance, dry cleaning and dry dyeing plants shall be divided into the following four (4) classes:
Class I Plants - shall be those employing a solvent having a flash point below 100 degrees Fahrenheit (closed cup test).
Class II Plants - shall be those employing a solvent having a flash point above 100 degrees Fahrenheit (closed cup test) but not meeting requirements as further outlined herein for Class III or Class IV Plants.
Class III Plants - shall be those employing a solvent complying with the following specifications in dry cleaning systems and drying cabinets or tumblers which have been specifically approved by Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or a similarly recognized testing laboratory as being suitable for use with such solvents.
(a) Flash point (closed cup test) not lower than 138.2 degrees Fahrenheit.
(b) Initial boiling point not lower than 357.8 degrees Fahrenheit.
(c) Ignition temperature not lower than 453.2 degrees Fahrenheit.
(d) Lower limit of explosive range not less than 0.8 percent, by volume in air at an initial temperature of 302 degrees Fahrenheit.
(e) Solvents shall not heat spontaneously.
Class IV Plants - shall be those employing a solvent classified by Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or a similarly recognized testing laboratory as non-flammable or as non-flammable at ordinary temperatures and only moderately flammable at higher temperatures. (Ord. 424B, §8.48)
Sec. 11-112. New Class I plants - Prohibited.
New Class I dry cleaning plants or systems shall be prohibited. Existing Class I dry cleaning plants or systems may be continued in use: provided, that the quantity of cleaning solvent having a flash point below 100 degrees Fahrenheit, closed cup test, that is stored or handled is not increased. (Ord. 424B, §8.49)
Sec. 11-113. Construction and location of Class II plants.
Class II plants shall be located only in one-story, flat roof buildings having masonry walls and with concrete or equivalent floors above grade and without pits, wells, pockets or basements. If located within the fire limits, roof shall be of fire-resistive construction; if located outside of the fire limits, roof may be of combustible construction provided that it is protected on the underside with a ceiling of cement or gypsum plaster on metal lath or equivalent construction. Dry cleaning or drying buildings shall not be closer than 10 feet to a property line except that if the roof is of fire-resistive construction, standard masonry walls without openings may be located on the property line. Dry cleaning operations shall not be carried on in the same building with other occupancies except that incidental operations such as laundering, pressing, ironing, etc. may be in a communicating building if separated from the dry cleaning room or drying room by a standard masonry fire wall with any communicating openings protected by standard fire doors approved for the protection of openings in fire walls. There shall be at least two means of exit provided from the dry cleaning or drying room. (Ord. 424B, §8.50)
Sec. 11-114. Construction and location of Class III plants.
Class III plants may be located in buildings of any class of construction. If in the same building with other tenants, the dry cleaning or drying section shall be cut off from the remainder of the building vertically and horizontally in an approved manner including approved automatic or self-closing fire doors. Vertical cut offs shall be not less than floor assemblies of double 7/8" wood flooring protected underneath by cement or gypsum plaster ceiling on metal lath on both sides of wood studs. In no case shall Class III plants be located in a basement nor in a building also used as a place of public assembly. (Ord. 424B, §8.51)
Sec. 11-115. Construction and location of Class IV plants.
Class IV plants shall not be restricted as to type of building nor as to location, except that such plants shall not be located in basements nor in locations difficult to ventilate. Fumes and odors shall be diffused in a manner that will not constitute a nuisance or a menace to health. (Ord. 424B, §8.52)
Sec. 11-116. Location of boilers.
Boilers for Class I and Class II plants shall not be located in a dry cleaning or drying room, the boiler room shall be separated from such room by a standard masonry fire wall without openings. Boilers may be located in the same building with Class III plants, but if adjoining dry cleaning areas they shall be cut off by standard masonry fire walls without openings. (Ord. 424B, §8.53)
Sec. 11-117. Ventilation.
Mechanical ventilation is preferred for Class I and Class II plants but in no event shall minimum requirements be considered satisfied unless vent openings at floor lines, not less than 36 square inches in area and spaced not more than six feet horizontally are provided. For Class III plants satisfactory ventilation may consist of fans, pipes and ducts properly arranged so to vent the drying tumblers and drying cabinets to the outside air. (Ord. 424B, §8.54)
Sec. 11-118. Solvent storage.
Aboveground containers comprising purifiers, clarifiers, filter, etc., in Class I and Class II plants shall not exceed 350 gallons individual capacity. Solvent storage tanks for Class I plants shall be underground, covered with not less than 2 feet of earth. Solvent storage tanks for Class II plants may be aboveground if individual capacity of tanks does not exceed 275 gallons and the aggregate capacity of storage tanks does not exceed 550 gallons. Quantities of solvent for Class II and Class III plants in excess of the above shall be in buried tanks. (Ord. 424B, §8.55)
Sec. 11-119. Fire extinguishers and extinguishing systems.
Adequate first aid fire appliances, suitable for fighting fires in flammable liquids, shall be provided in all Class I, Class II and Class III plants; at least one extinguishing unit shall be provided at each entrance of every room or area where flammable liquids are used. It is desirable that dry cleaning rooms and drying rooms of Class I plants be protected by an automatic sprinkler system or a steam smothering system or a carbon-dioxide flooding system; also, that washers and drying tumblers in Class I and Class II plants be protected by a steam smothering system or a carbon-dioxide flooding system; also, that drying cabinets in Class III plants be protected by a steam smothering system or a carbon-dioxide flooding system. (Ord. 424B, §8.56)
Sec. 11-120. Handling of solvents.
The handling of solvents from storage tanks through the various machines and back to the settling and clear solvent tanks shall be through a closed circuit of piping. (Ord. 424B, §8.57)
Sec. 11-121. Grounding of equipment.
The cylinders and shells of all washing machines, drying tumblers, walls of drying cabinets, outside shell of extractors and all aboveground containers shall be permanently and effectively grounded. (Ord. 424B, §8.58)
Sec. 11-122. Electrical equipment.
Electrical equipment in Class I plants shall conform with Article 500 of the National Electrical Code for Class I hazardous locations containing flammable vapors. For Class II plants all electrical equipment within eight feet of the floor in dry cleaning rooms or other sections subject to flammable vapors shall comply with Article 500 of the National Electrical Code for Class I hazardous locations. (Ord. 424B, §8.59)
Secs. 11-123 to 11-127. Reserved.
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES
Sec. 11-128. Definition.
The term "liquefied petroleum gases" as used in this Ordinance shall mean and include any material which is composed predominantly of any of the following hydrocarbons, or mixtures of them; propane, propylene, butane (normal butane, or iso-butane), and butylenes. (Ord. 424B, §8.60)
Sec. 11-129. Permit required.
No system for the utilization of liquefied petroleum gases nor facilities for the charging of containers or handling of liquefied petroleum gases shall be installed unless a written permit has first been obtained from the building inspector. No permit shall be required for the utilization of liquefied petroleum gases from I.C.C. cylinders but the installer shall file a written notification with the building inspector. (Ord. 424B, §8.61)
Sec. 11-130. Odorization.
All liquefied petroleum gases shall be effectively odorized by an agent of such character as to indicate positively, by a distinctive odor, the presence of gas down to concentrations in air of not over one-fifth of the lower limit of combustibility. (Ord. 424B, §8.62)
Sec. 11-131. Handling and bulk storage.
No facilities for transferring liquefied petroleum gases from tank cars to storage tanks or to tank trucks or facilities for transferring liquefied petroleum gases from storage tanks to tank trucks or to I.C.C. cylinders or other containers shall be located within the fire limits, nor in closely built up sections nor within fifty (50) feet of the line of other property which may be built upon, nor shall other property be built upon or located within fifty (50) feet of any such facilities. This Section shall not prohibit the storage and handling of such gases for the use of motor vehicles when dispensed from approved facilities and when permit is obtained from the building inspector. Vehicles used for the storage, transportation and dispensing of liquid petroleum gases or other Class I flammables shall not be permitted to be parked unattended on the streets or public ways of the City of St. James after the hours of 6:00 P.M. and before the hour of 6:00 A.M. and at no time on weekends and holidays. (Ord. 424B, §8.63)
Sec. 11-132. Approved systems.
The term "system" as used in this Ordinance refers to an assembly of equipment consisting essentially of the container or containers, major devices such as shut-off valves, safety relief devices liquid level gauging devices, excess flow valves, regulators, vaporizers, etc., and interconnecting piping or tubing.
Liquefied petroleum gas systems utilizing containers of 1,200 gallons or less water capacity shall be tested and listed as a system by Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., or similarly nationally recognized testing laboratory and satisfactory to the building inspector.
For liquefied petroleum gas systems utilizing containers of over 1,200 gallons water capacity, each regulator, container valve, excess flow valve, gauging device relief valve and vaporizer unit shall be tested and listed by the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. or a similarly nationally recognized testing laboratory and satisfactory to the building inspector. (Ord. 424B, §8.64)
Sec. 11-133. Approved appliances.
All domestic and commercial liquefied petroleum gas consuming appliances shall be tested and listed by the American Gas Association or by a similarly nationally recognized testing laboratory and satisfactory to the building inspector.
Sec. 11-134. Use of gases for which system was not designed.
Marketers and users shall exercise every precaution to assure that only those gases for which the system is designed, examined and listed, are employed in its operation, particularly with regard to pressures. (Ord. 424B, §8.66)
Sec. 11-135. Containers and first stage regulators.
Containers and first stage regulators shall be located outside of buildings other than those especially provided for this purpose. Only containers constructed and tested in accordance with either (1) Interstate Commerce Commission Specifications, (2) Unfired Pressure Vessel Code of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers or (3) The American Petroleum Institute-American Society of Mechanical Engineers Code shall be used. Such containers shall bear proper markings indicating compliance with the code or specifications under which the container is constructed. (Ord. 424B, §8.67)
Sec. 11-136. Location of containers.
Each container for liquefied petroleum gas shall be located with respect to nearest important building or group of buildings or line of adjoining property which may be built upon in accordance with the following table.
Water capacity Minimum distance
per container Underground Aboveground
Less than 125 gallons 10 feet None
125 to 500 gallons 10 feet 10 feet
500 to 1200 gallons 25 feet 25 feet
Over 1200 gallons 50 feet 50 feet
No container for liquefied petroleum gases shall exceed 30,000 standard U.S. gallons. (Ord. 424B, §8.68)
Sec. 11-137. Buried containers.
Containers made in accordance with the specifications of the Interstate Commerce Commission and regulating equipment for such equipment shall not be buried. Containers approved for the purpose may be buried if the top of the container is placed below the established frost line, but in no case shall the top of the tank be less than two (2) feet below the surface of the ground. Containers shall be set on a firm foundation and surrounded with soft earth or sand well tamped in place. Where necessary to prevent floating, containers shall be securely anchored or weighed. Containers shall be protected against corrosion in a manner consistent with good practices and satisfactory to the building inspector. It shall not be necessary to cover the portion of the container to which the manhole and other connections are affixed.
Containers once installed underground shall not later be reinstalled aboveground or underground, unless they successfully withstand hydrostatic pressure retests at the pressure specified for the original hydrostatic test as required by the code under which constructed, and show no evidence of serious corrosion. Where containers are reinstalled underground the corrosion resistant coating shall be put in good condition. (Ord. 424B, §8.69)
Sec. 11-138. Aboveground containers.
Containers installed aboveground shall be properly supported with anchorage which will permit thermal expansion. Structural metal supports shall be properly fireproofed, except that unprotected structural steel supports resting on concrete pads or footings may be used under either of the following conditions: (1) The container has a water capacity of not over 600 gallons and the distance from its bottom to the ground does not exceed 24 inches; (2) The container is in an isolated location and the distance from its bottom to the ground does not exceed five feet. Containers shall be separated at least 3 feet if of less than 1,200 gallon water capacity and 5 feet if of greater capacity.
Where the slope of the ground or other local conditions would permit aboveground containers, in case of rupture or overflow, to endanger adjacent property, the building inspector may require each container to be surrounded by a dyke of such capacity as may be considered necessary but not more than the capacity of the container. (Ord. 424B, §8.70)
Sec. 11-139. Combustible materials near container.
Readily ignitable material such as weeds and long dry grass shall be removed within ten feet of any container. (Ord. 424B, §8.71)
Sec. 11-140. Grounding and bonding.
Aboveground containers exceeding 1,200 gallons water capacity shall be electrically grounded in an effective manner. (Ord. 424B, §8.72)
Sec. 11-141. Filling connections.
The filling pipe inlet terminal shall not be located inside a building. It shall be protected in a substantial manner against mechanical injury and tampering by unauthorized persons. Filling pipe inlet terminals on containers other than those for I.C.C. containers shall be located not less than 10 feet from any building and where practicable not less than 5 feet from any driveway and shall be kept locked when not in use. (Ord. 424B, §8.73)
Sec. 11-142. Transfer of liquids.
All transfer of liquid or gases shall be by piping or hose. Hose shall be fabricated of materials that are resistant to the action of liquefied petroleum gases and where subject to container pressure shall be designed for a bursting pressure of not less than 5 times the pressure for which the container was designed. Hose connections when made shall be capable of withstanding a test pressure of twice the pressure for which the container is designed. All connections shall be free from leaks. At least one attendant shall remain close to the transfer connection from the time the connections are first made until they are finally disconnected, during the transfer of product for filling containers.
Sec. 11-143. Electrical equipment and open flames.
In buildings housing vaporizers or pumping equipment for liquefied petroleum gases and at operations for the transfer of such gases, such as unloading from tank cars to bulk storage tanks, the transfer from bulk storage tanks to tank trucks or the filling of I.C.C. cylinders from bulk storage tanks, electrical equipment shall be in accordance with the requirements of the National Electrical Code for Class I, Division I, Group D hazardous locations and at such locations, open flames and other sources of ignition shall not be permitted. (Ord. 424B, §8.75)
Sec. 11-144. Discharge from safety relief devices.
The discharge from safety relief devices shall be arranged to afford free vent to outer air. The discharge from safety relief devices shall not terminate in any building nor beneath any building and shall conform with the following provisions: For aboveground containers of 125 gallons water capacity or less the discharge from the safety relief device shall be located not less than five (5) feet horizontally from any opening into a building below the level of such discharge; for aboveground containers of 2,000 gallons water capacity or less the discharge shall be vertically upward; for containers of over 2,000 gallons water capacity the discharge from safety relief devices shall be piped upward to a point at least seven (7) feet above the container and in such a manner as to prevent any impingment of escaping gas upon container. Where discharge from safety relief devices are vertically upward they shall be provided with a loose fitting rain cap. (Ord. 424B, §8.76)
Sec. 11-145. Piping and fittings and valves.
Piping shall be standard full weight wrought iron, steel, brass or copper pipe; or approved seamless copper, brass or other approved non-ferrous gas tubing suitable for a safe working pressure of not less than 125 pounds. Copper tubing may be of the standard grade K or L. Aluminum tubing shall not be used in exterior locations or where it passes through masonry or insulation. Approved flexible connections may be used on either the high pressure or low pressure side of the system. Pipe joints may be screwed, flanged, welded, brazed or soldered with a solder having a melting point of over 1000oF. Fittings for use with wrought iron and steel pipe may be of a type consistent with recognized good practices in connection with the utilization of liquefied petroleum gases. Case iron fittings shall be prohibited. Only approved fittings shall be used with seamless copper, brass or other approved non-ferrous gas tubing. Fittings shall be capable of withstanding a pressure of at least 125 pounds. Extra heavy fittings shall be used for pressure exceeding 125 pounds. All piping for conveying gas or liquid shall be tested after assembly and proved free from leaks at not less than normal operating pressures. All shut-off valves shall be approved for use with liquefied petroleum gases. Valves which may be subject to container pressure shall have a rated working pressure of at least 250 pounds per square inch gauge. A safety relief valve shall be installed between each pair of valves on liquefied petroleum gas liquid piping. (Ord. 424B, §8.77)
Sec. 11-146. Standards for transportation and storage and for installation of devices and equipment.
The standard requirements as set forth in, or otherwise adopted by, or pursuant to Laws of Missouri relating to safety in the design, construction, location, installation and operation of equipment, for storing, handling, transporting by tank truck or tank trailer and utilizing liquefied petroleum gases for fuel purposes and for the odorization of said gases, shall be the minimum standards under this Ordinance, including also specific requirements and regulations as set forth herein. The building inspector is hereby authorized to determine whether or not these requirements have been satisfactorily complied with, and to enforce the same in like manner as other provisions of this Ordinance which are set forth herein. (Ord. 424B, §8.78)
Secs. 11-147 to 11-151. Reserved.
NITROCELLULOSE MOTION PICTURE FILM
Sec. 11-152. Application and permit.
The word "film" in this Article refers to motion picture film having a cellulose nitrate base. Cellulose acetate film, marked "safety film", is exempt from the provisions of this article. No person shall store, keep or have on hand more than 25 pounds (about 5000 feet of 35 mm. film) without a permit. (Ord. 424B, §8.79)
Sec. 11-153. Booth required.
Every motion picture projector using nitrocellulose film shall be enclosed in a booth not less than eight feet wide, ten feet deep and seven feet high for one projection machine, and not less than fourteen feet wide, ten feet deep and seven feet high for two machines. (Ord. 424B, §8.80)
Sec. 11-154. Construction of booth.
The walls and ceiling of the booth shall be built of brick, tile of gypsum blocks plastered on both sides, or of concrete, or of a rigid metal frame, properly braced, and sheathed and roofed with sheet iron of not less than no. 20 U.S. gauge metal, or with 1/4 inch hard asbestos board securely riveted or bolted to the frame, or 2 inches of solid metal lath and cement of gypsum plaster. All joints shall be sufficiently tight to prevent the discharge of smoke. Non-combustible acoustical material may be used on ceiling and walls, when applied directly to the plaster. Floor of booth shall be at least equal in fire-resistance to that of the type of wall used. (Ord. 424B, §8.81)
Sec. 11-155. Shuttered openings and exits in booth.
Two openings for each motion picture projector may be provided. One for the operator's view shall be not larger than 200 square inches, and the other through which the picture is projected shall be not larger than 120 square inches. Each opening shall be provided with a gravity shutter, of not less than no. 10 gauge iron or its equivalent, overlapping opening not less than one inch on all sides when closed and arranged to slide in grooves. A release to be provided over each shutter and over each upper projector magazine. Manual release shall be provided for operation of all shutters simultaneously from a point near each exit door.
The booth shall have at least two exit doors, each not less than thirty inches wide and six feet high, protected by approved self-closing fire doors. (Ord. 424B, §8.82)
Sec. 11-156. Fixtures within booth.
All shelves, furniture and fixtures within the booth shall be constructed of incombustible material, and no combustible material of any sort whatever shall be allowed to be within each booth except the films used in operation of the projector. (Ord. 424B, §8.83)
Sec. 11-157. Booth ventilation.
Mechanical exhaust system, if provided to draw air from each arc lamp housing and from one or more points near the ceiling and to have a capacity of not less than fifteen nor more than fifty cubic feet permitted for each arc lamp plus 200 cubic feet per minute for the enclosure itself. System to exhaust directly to outdoors through incombustible, ducts, preferably without dampers, having an unrestricted cross sectional area equivalent to an opening ten inches in diameter. If it is necessary to include dampers, they shall be of a hinged and weighted type arranged to open upon operation of a suitable automatic releasing device. Ducts shall not be inter-connected with ventilating or air conditioning systems serving other portions of the building.
If natural draft ventilation only is provided, outlet to be not less than twelve inches in diameter leading from the center of ceiling and exhausting directly to outdoors.
Clearance between the exhaust duct and unprotected combustible material to be either not less than one inch or exhaust duct covered with one-half inch of non-combustible heat insulating material.
Fresh air intakes other than those direct to the open air shall have an area of not greater than seventy-two square inches and may be located in side or rear walls of enclosures and not more than three inches above the floor. Such intakes to be protected by approved gravity shutters as required for other openings. (Ord. 424B, §8.84)
Sec. 11-158. Film cabinets.
An approved film cabinet shall be provided inside booths where the amount of film exceeds forty pounds. Cabinets having a capacity of over 50 pounds of film shall be provided with a vent from each compartment to the outside of the building. All films not being used shall be kept in the cabinet or in I.C.C. shipping containers but not over forty pounds of film shall be permitted to remain in the shipping containers. (Ord. 424B, §8.85)
Secs. 11-159 to 11-163. Reserved.
Sec. 11-164. Application and permit.
This Article applies to all explosives except small arms ammunition and pyrotechnic devices. The manufacturing of explosives is prohibited. A permit shall be obtained to have, keep, use, store or transport any explosives within the City of St. James, however, a permit shall not be required for the transportation of explosives through the city by the most direct route by railroad, federal, state or county highway or waterway, but such transportation shall comply with all other applicable provisions of this article. (Ord. 424B, §8.86)
Sec. 11-165. Transportation.
Explosives shall be transported on vehicles only if such vehicles are conspicuously marked "DANGER-EXPLOSIVES!" and shall never be transported in or on any conveyance carrying passengers for hire.
It shall be unlawful for any person to place or carry or cause to be carried in the bed or body of a vehicle containing explosives, any metal tool or other piece of metal or any matches or any exploders, detonators, blasting caps or other similar explosive material. (Ord. 424B, §8.87)
Sec. 11-166. Storage.
Magazines containing explosives shall be located at distances from neighboring buildings, highways and railroads in conformity with the American Quantity and Distance Table; provided that one portable magazine kept securely locked and conspicuously marked "MAGAZINE-EXPLOSIVES!" containing not more than fifty pounds of explosives may be allowed in a building not occupied as a dwelling or place of public assembly if placed on wheels and located not more than ten feet from, on the same floor with, and directly opposite to the entrance on the floor nearest the street level, and one similar portable magazine containing not more than 5000 blasting caps may be allowed if placed on wheels and located on the floor nearest the street level. Blasting caps or detonators of any kind shall not be kept in the same magazine with other explosives. (Ord. 424B, §8.88)
Secs. 11-167 to 11-171. Reserved.
PERIODIC INSPECTIONS AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS FOR FIRE PREVENTION
Sec. 11-172. Periodic inspections.
It shall be the duty of the building inspector to inspect or cause to be inspected, as often as may be necessary but not less than twice a year, all buildings, premises and public thoroughfares, except private dwellings, for the purpose of ascertaining and causing to be corrected any conditions liable to cause fire. A written report of every such inspection shall be filed with the city clerk by the inspector. Such inspector may at all reasonable hours enter any building or premises for the purpose of making any inspection which, under the provisions of this ordinance, he may deem necessary to be made. Unless emergency conditions prevail, such inspection will be conducted only after due notice to premise occupants. Such notice may be satisfied by mail memorandum providing a minimum of three days advance notice. (Ord. 424B, §8.89; Ord. 950)
Sec. 11-173. Fire hazards to be remedied.
Whenever such inspector may find combustible or explosive matter or dangerous accumulation of rubbish or unnecessary accumulation of waste paper, boxes, shavings, or any other highly flammable materials especially liable to cause fire and which is so situated as to endanger property or shall find obstructions to or on fire escapes, stairs, passageways, doors or windows liable to interfere with the operations of the emergency personnel or egress of occupants in case of fire, he shall order same to be removed or remedied. Such order shall be compiled with within 48 hours by the owner or occupants of such premises or building and it shall be the duty of the inspector to make a reinspection not later than 48 hours after notice has been served and if upon such reinspection, the inspector finds that the order has not been complied with, then it shall become the duty to file a written information with the city attorney specifying the violation of this ordinance. (Ord. 424B, §8.90; Ord. 950)
Sec. 11-174. Bonfires.
Burning of trash, lumber, leaves or other combustible material where deemed a hazard by the building inspector is prohibited except under such safeguards as he may specify. (Ord. 424B, §8.91; Ord. 950)
Sec. 11-175. Hot ashes and other dangerous materials.
Ashes, smoldering coals or embers, greasy or oily substances liable to spontaneous ignition shall not be deposited or allowed to remain within ten feet of any combustible materials except in metal or other noncombustible receptacles. (Ord. 424B, §8.92)
Sec. 11-176. Accumulations of combustible materials.
No person shall permit to remain upon any roof or in any yard any accumulation of waste paper, hay, grass, straw, weeds, litter or combustible or flammable waste or rubbish of any kind. All such materials in stores, apartment buildings, factories or similar places shall be compactly baled and stacked, removed from the premises or stored in suitable vaults or receptacles to the satisfaction of the building inspector. (Ord. 424B, §8.93; Ord. 950)
Sec. 11-177. Flammable decorations.
Cotton, batting, straw, dry vines, leaves, trees, celluloid or other highly flammable materials shall not be used for decorative purposes in stores or show windows except where deemed satisfactory by the chief of the fire department. Paper and other readily flammable materials shall not be used for decorative purposes in any place of public assembly unless such materials have been flame proofed to the satisfaction of the building inspector. (Ord. 424B, §8.94; Ord. 950)
Secs. 11-178 to 11-182. Reserved.
VIOLATIONS, CONFLICTING ORDINANCES
AND DATE OF EFFECT
Sec. 11-183. Penalty for violation.
Any and all persons who shall violate any of the provisions of this ordinance or fail to comply therewith, or who shall violate or fail to comply with any order of regulations made thereunder, shall severally for each and every such violation and noncompliance respectively be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred ($500.00) dollars. The imposition of one penalty for any violation of this ordinance shall not excuse the violation, or permit it to continue, and all such persons shall be required to correct or remedy such violations or defects within a reasonable time; and when not otherwise specified, each ten calendar days that prohibited conditions are maintained shall constitute a separate offense.
The application of the above penalty shall not be held to prevent the enforced removal of prohibited conditions, as provided in Article I of this ordinance.(Ord. 424B, §8.95)
Sec. 11-184. Validity.
If any article, section or part of section or paragraph of this ordinance is declared invalid or unconstitutional, it shall not be held to invalidate or impair the validity, force or effect of any other article, section or sections or part of a section or paragraph of this ordinance. (Ord. 424B, §8.96)
Sec. 11-185. Conflicting ordinance.
All ordinances or parts of ordinances in conflict with the provisions of this ordinance are hereby repealed. (Ord. 424B, §8.97)
Sec. 11-186. Date of effect.
This ordinance shall become effective and be in force from and after its passage and approval.* (Ord. 424B, §8.98)
*Passed and approved this 6th day of JULY, 1981.
ATTEST: Carmen Skouby Nelson A. Hart
CITY CLERK MAYOR
Secs. 11-187 to 11-191. Reserved.
HAZAROUD SUBSTANCE RELEASES
Sec. 11-192. Cost tracking and billing system.
WHEREAS: Section 260.546 RSMo provides for reimbursement of reasonable costs incurred by political subdivisions or volunteer fire protection associations providing emergency assistance for hazardous substance releases, and
WHEREAS: This assistance is provided by the St. James fire department for the safety of the general public.
BE IT THEREFORE ORDAINED BY THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF ST. JAMES, MISSOURI, THAT THE ABOVE PROVISIONS BE ALLOWED AS WRITTEN AND GRANT THE MAYOR THE AUTHORIZATION TO SIGN THE ORDINANCE ON THIS 1ST DAY OF OCT. 2001. (Ord. 723)
Secs. 11-193 to 11-197. Reserved.